fundamentalism (religious)

A movement or belief calling for a return to the basic texts or ‘fundamentals’ of revealed religion-usually contrasted, therefore, with modernism and liberalism in religion. The term has been applied to Protestant trends within Christianity , since the 1920s, and recently to trends within Islam . Despite its theological character it is usually linked to projects of social reform and the acquisition of political power.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Fundamentalism —    Fundamentalism is a 20th century movement within American Protestantism that defends the continued validity of traditional Christian beliefs in the face of a spectrum of modern ideas that have won acceptance in older denominations. Strictly… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Religious stratification — is the division of a society into hierarchical layers on the premise of religious beliefs, affiliation, or faith practices. According to Kingsley Davis and Wilbert E. Moore in their article Some Principles of Stratification , “The reason why… …   Wikipedia

  • Religious intolerance — is either intolerance motivated by one s own religious beliefs or intolerance against another s religious beliefs or practices. It manifests both at a cultural level, but may also be a formal part of the dogma of particular religious groups. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Religious persecution — is the systematic mistreatment of an individual or group of individuals as a response to their religious beliefs of affiliations. The tendency of societies to alienate or repress different subcultures is a recurrent theme in human history.… …   Wikipedia

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  • Religious terrorism — is terrorism by those whose motivations and aims have a predominant religious character or influence.According to Mark Juergensmeyer, religious terrorism consists of acts that terrify, the definition of which is provided by the witnesses the ones …   Wikipedia

  • fundamentalism — ☆ fundamentalism [fun΄də ment′ liz΄əm ] n. [sometimes F ] 1. religious beliefs based on a literal interpretation of the Bible, regarded as fundamental to Christian faith and morals 2. the 20th cent. movement among some American Protestants, based …   English World dictionary

  • Fundamentalism — For other uses, see fundamentalism (disambiguation). Fundamentalism is strict adherence to specific theological doctrines usually understood as a reaction against Modernist theology.[1] The term fundamentalism was originally coined by its… …   Wikipedia

  • fundamentalism — fundamentalist, n., adj. /fun deuh men tl iz euhm/, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a movement in American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to modernism and that stresses the infallibility of the Bible not only in …   Universalium

  • fundamentalism, Christian — Conservative Protestant movement that arose out of 19th century millennialism in the U.S. It emphasized as fundamental the literal truth of the Bible, the imminent physical Second Coming of Jesus, the virgin birth, resurrection, and atonement. It …   Universalium

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